英语不规则动词表

英语动词按其过去式和过去分词的构成方式可分为规则动词和不规则动词。统计规则动词的过去式和过去分词由词尾加-ed构成,如果结尾有不发音e,只加d,而不规则动词的变化因词而异的。

Infinitive 不定式

Past Tense 过去式

Past Participle 过去分词

意思

abide

abode,abided

abode,abided

持续;忍受;停留

alight

alighted,alit

alighted,alit

烧着的;点亮着的

arise

arose

arisen

出现;上升;起立

awake

awoke,awaked

awoken,awoke,awaked

唤醒;使觉醒;激起,唤起

be

were \was

been

是; 有,存在; 做,成为; 发生

bear

bore

borne,born

忍受;承受;具有;支撑

beat

beat

beaten

拍子;敲击;有规律的一连串敲打

become

became

become

成为;变得;变成

befall

befell

befallen

降临;发生

beget

begot

begotten,begot

产生;招致;引起;当…的父亲

begin

began

begun

开始;首先

behold

beheld

beheld

看;注视;把...视为

bend

bent

bent

使弯曲;使屈服;使致力;使朝向

bereave

bereaved,bereft

bereaved,bereft

使……失去;使……孤寂

beseech

besought,beseeched

besought,beseeched

vt. 恳求,哀求;乞求,急切地要求得到

beset

beset

beset

困扰;镶嵌;围绕

bespeak

bespoke

bespoken,bespoke

表示;预约;证明;预示;显示

bespread

bespread

bespread

铺满;铺盖;广铺

bestrew

bestrewed

bestrewed,bestrewn

布满;散布

bestride

bestrode

bestridden,bestrid,bestrode

跨骑

bet

bet,betted

bet,betted

打赌,赌注;被打赌的事物

betake

betook

betaken

使致力于;专心于;使前往

bethink

bethought

bethought

想起,忆起;使……思考;使……考虑

bid

bade,bid

bidden,bid

出价;叫牌;努力争取

bide

bode,bided

bided

等待;面临;禁得起

bind

bound

bound

.捆绑;困境;讨厌的事情;植物的藤蔓

bite

bit

bitten,bit

咬;一口;咬伤;刺痛

bleed

bled

bled

使出血;榨取/流血;渗出;悲痛

blend

blended,blent

blended,blent

混合;掺合物

bless

blessed,blest

blessed,blest

祝福;保佑;赞美

blow

blew

blown

吹;打击;殴打

break

broke

broken

打破;折断;弄坏;削弱

breed

bred

bred

繁殖;饲养;养育,教育;引起

bring

brought

brought

带来;促使;引起;某人处于某种情况或境地

broadcast

broadcast,broadcasted

broadcast,broadcasted

播送,播放;(无线电或电视)广播;播撒(种子

browbeat

browbeat

browbeaten

恫吓,吓唬;欺侮

build

built

built

建筑;建造

burn

burnt,burned

burnt,burned

燃烧;烧毁,灼伤;激起…的愤怒

burst

burst

burst

爆发,突发;爆炸

buy

bought

bought

购买;获得;贿赂

can

could

-

能; 能够; 可以; 可能

cast

cast

cast

投,抛;计算;浇铸;投射(光、影、视线等

catch

caught

caught

赶上;抓住;感染;了解

chide

chid,chided

chid,chidden,chided

责骂;斥责

choose

chose

chosen

选择,决定

cleave

cleaved,cleft,clove

cleaved,cleft

砍开;使分开;打通

cleave

clave

cloven

裂开;披荆斩棘地前进;粘住;坚持

cling

clung

clung

坚持,墨守;紧贴;附着

clothe

clothed,clad

clothed,clad

给…穿衣;覆盖;赋予

come

came

come

来;开始;出现;发生;变成;到达

cost

cost

cost

花费;使付出;使花许多钱

creep

crept

crept

爬行;蔓延;慢慢地移动;起鸡皮疙瘩

crow

crowed,crew

crowed

啼叫;报晓

cut

cut

cut

[机] 切割;削减;缩短;刺痛

dare

dared,durst

dared

敢;胆敢

deal

dealt

dealt

处理;给予;分配;发牌

die

died

died

死亡;凋零;熄灭

dig

dug

dug

挖,掘;探究

dispread

dispread

dispread

向四方张开;展开

do/does

did

done

做;工作;有用(do的第三人称单数形式)

draw

drew

drawn

拉;拖

dream

dreamed,dreamt

dreamed,dreamt

梦想;做梦;想到

drink

drank

drunk

喝,饮;吸收;举杯庆贺

drive

drove

driven

vt. 推动,发动(机器等);驾驶(马车,汽车等);驱赶

dwell

dwelt,dwelled

dwelt,dwelled

居住;存在于;细想某事

eat

ate

eaten

吃,喝;腐蚀;烦扰

fall

fell

fallen

落下;变成;来临;减弱

feed

fed

fed

喂养;供给;放牧;抚养(家庭等);靠…为生

feel

felt

felt

觉得;摸索

fight

fought

fought

打架;与…打仗,与…斗争;反对…提案

find

found

found

查找,找到;发现;认为;感到;获得

flee

fled

fled

逃走;消失,消散

fling

flung

flung

掷,抛;嘲笑;使陷入;轻蔑地投射;猛动

fly

flew

flown

飞;驾驶飞机;飘扬

fly

fled

fled

逃走(flee的过去分词);消逝

fly

flied

flied

为fly的过去式及过去分词;打出高飞球

forbear

forbore

forborne

忍耐;克制

forbid

forbade,forbad

forbidden

禁止;不准;不允许;〈正式〉严禁

forecast

forecast,forecasted

forecast,forecasted

预报,预测;预示

fordo

fordid

fordone

毁灭;杀死(等于foredo)

forego

forewent

foregone

放弃;居先;在……之前

foreknow

foreknew

foreknown

预见;预知;先知

forerun

foreran

forerun

预示;预告;走在…之前

foresee

foresaw

foreseen

预见;预知

foreshow

foreshowed

foreshown

预示

foretell

foretold

foretold

预言;预示;预告

forget

forgot

forgotten,forgot

. 忘记;忽略

forgive

forgave

forgiven

原谅;免除(债务、义务等)

forsake

forsook

forsaken

放弃;断念

forswear

forswore

forsworn

发誓抛弃

freeze

froze

frozen

使…冻住;使…结冰

gainsay

gainsaid

gainsaid

反驳;否定

get

got

got,gotten

使得;获得;受到;变成

gild

gilded,gilt

gilded

镀金;虚饰;供给钱

gird

girded,girt

girded,girt

束缚;佩带;做准备

give

gave

given

给;产生;让步;举办;授予

go

went

gone

去;进行;尝试

grave

graved

graven,graved

雕刻;铭记

grind

ground

ground

磨碎;磨快

grow

grew

grown

使生长;种植;扩展

hamstring

hamstringed,hamstrung

hamstringed,hamstrung

切断腿筋使成跛腿;使残废

hang

hung

hung

悬着,垂下;被绞死;悬而不决

hang

hanged

hanged

悬挂,垂下;装饰;绞死;使悬而未决

have

had

had

有;让;拿;从事;允许

hear

heard

heard

听到,听;听说;审理

heave

heaved,hove

heaved,hove

举起;使起伏;投掷;恶心;发出(叹息等)

hew

hewed

hewed,hewn

劈;砍倒

hide

hid

hidden,hid

隐藏;隐瞒;鞭打

hit

hit

hit

打击;袭击;碰撞;偶然发现;伤…的感情

hold

held

held

持有;拥有;保存;拘留;约束或控制

hurt

hurt

hurt

使受伤;损害;使疼痛;使痛心

inlay

inlaid

inlaid

把…嵌入,把…镶入

keep

kept

kept

保持;经营;遵守;饲养

kneel

knelt,kneeled

knelt,kneeled

跪下,跪

knit

knitted,knit

knitted,knit

编织;结合

know

knew

known

知道;认识;懂得

lade

laded

laded,laden

装载;装(船)

lay

laid

laid

躺下;产卵;搁放;放置;铺放;涂,敷

lead

led

led

领导;致使;引导;指挥

lean

leaned,leant

leaned,leant

使倾斜

leap

leapt,leaped

leapt,leaped

跳跃,跳过;使跃过

learn

learnt,learned

learnt,learned

学习;得知;认识到

leave

left

left

离开;留下;遗忘;委托

lend

lent

lent

贷;增添,提供;把……借给

let

let

let

允许,让;出租;假设;妨碍

lie

lay

lain

躺下;产卵;搁放;放置;铺放;涂,敷

lie

lied

lied

谎骗

light

lit

lit

照亮;点燃;着火

light

lighted

lighted

照亮;点燃;着火

lose

lost

lost

浪费;使沉溺于;使迷路;遗失;错过

make

made

made

使得;进行;布置,准备,整理;制造;认为;获得;形成;安排;引起;构成

may

might

might

可以,能够;可能,也许;祝,愿;会,能

mean

meant

meant

意味;想要;意欲

meet

met

met

满足;遇见;对付

melt

melted

melted,melten

使融化;使熔化;使软化;使感动

misdeal

misdealt

misdealt

misdeal

misgive

misgave

misgiven

使怀疑;使担心

mislay

mislaid

mislaid

放错;遗失

mislead

misled

misled

误导;带错

mistake

mistook

mistaken

弄错;误解

misunderstand

misunderstood

misunderstood

误解;误会

mow

mowed

mowed,mown

割草;收割庄稼

must

must

must

必须,一定;可以,应当;很可能

ought

ought

ought

应该,应当;大概

outbid

outbade,outbid

outbidden,outbid

在开价上战胜;出价高于

outbreed

outbred

outbred

使远系繁殖

outdo

outdid

outdone

超过;胜过

outeat

outate

outeaten

吃得比…多

outfight

outfought

outfought

打败;战胜

outgo

outwent

outgone

支出;超过

outgrow

outgrew

outgrown

过大而不适于;出生;长大成熟而不再

outlay

outlaid

outlaid

花费

outride

outrode

outridden

较…骑得更好;安然度过风暴

outrun

outran

outrun

超过;跑得比…快;从…逃脱

outsell

outsold

outsold

卖得比…多

outshine

outshone

outshone

使相形见绌;胜过;比…更亮

outshoot

outshot

outshot

发射;冲出

outsit

outsat

outsat

比…坐得更久;坐得超过…时间限度

outspend

outspent

outspent

开支比…更大

outspread

outspread

outspread

使扩张;使展开;使伸展

outthrow

outthrew

outthrown

扔出;抛出

outthrust

outthrust

outthrust

使突出;使冲出

outwear

outwore

outworn

穿破,穿坏;比…经久耐用;用旧;使筋疲力尽

overbear

overbore

overborne

压服;克服

overbid

overbid

overbidden,overbid

报谎价;出价较…为高

overblow

overblew

overblown

吹散,吹落;夸张,过分渲染

overbuild

overbuilt

overbuilt

建造过多;建造在...上面

overbuy

overbought

overbought

过度购买;过多地买

overcast

overcast

overcast

使沮丧;包缝;遮蔽

overcome

overcame

overcome

克服;胜过

overdo

overdid

overdone

把…做得过分;使过于疲劳;对…表演过火;夸张

overdraw

overdrew

overdrawn

透支;拉过度;夸张

overdrive

overdrove

overdriven

驱使过度;虐待;工作过度

overeat

overate

overeaten

使吃过量

[第三人称单数 overeats 过去式 overate 过去分词 overeaten 现在分词 overeating]

overfeed

overfed

overfed

给…喂得太多

overfly

overflew

overflown

飞越

overgrow

overgrew

overgrown

长满于;长得超过

overhang

overhung

overhung

悬于…之上;(危险、邪恶等)逼近

overhear

overheard

overheard

无意中听到;偷听

overlade

overladed

overladed,overladen

使超载,使装载过多;使负载过重;使负担过重

overlay

overlaid

overlaid

在表面上铺一薄层,镀

overleap

overleapt,overleaped

overleapt,overleaped

越过;跳过;忽略

overlie

overlay

overlain

. 躺在…上面;覆在…上面;压在(婴儿、幼仔)身上使之窒息而死

overpay

overpaid

overpaid

多付;多给报酬

override

overrode

overridden

推翻;不顾;践踏

overrun

overran

overrun

泛滥;超过;蹂躏

oversee

oversaw

overseen

监督;审查;俯瞰;偷看到,无意中看到

oversell

oversold

oversold

销售过多

overset

overset

overset

. 打翻;推翻;颠覆;为…排版过密

oversew

oversewed

oversewed,oversewn

缝合;锁边

overshoot

overshot

overshot

超越;打过头;把…做过头

oversleep

overslept

overslept

使睡过头

overspend

overspent

overspent

超支;过度使用;花费过多

overspread

overspread

overspread

蔓延;铺满

overtake

overtook

overtaken

赶上;压倒;突然来袭

overthrow

overthrew

overthrown

推翻;打倒;倾覆

overwind

overwound

overwound

旋得太紧

overwrite

overwrote

overwritten

重写;写得过多;重叠写在…上面

partake

partook

partaken

分担;分享

pay

paid

paid

支付,付;偿还,补偿;给予

precast

precast

precast

预制;预浇制

prechoose

prechose

prechosen

预选,预先选择:

prove

proved

proved,proven

证明;检验;显示

put

put

put

表达;移动;安置;赋予

quit

quitted,quit

quitted,quit

离开;放弃;停止;使…解除

read

read

read

阅读;读懂,理解

reave

reaved,reft

reaved,reft

抢走,劫掠;剥夺

rebuild

rebuilt

rebuilt

重建;改造,重新组装;复原

recast

recast

recast

重铸;彻底改动

reeve

rove,reeved

rove,reeved

把绳索穿过

relay

relaid

relaid

转播;使接替;分程传递

rend

rent

rent

撕碎;分裂;强夺

repay

repaid

repaid

回报;报复;付还

reset

reset

reset

重置;重新设定;重新组合

retell

retold

retold

复述;再讲;重述

rid

rid,ridded

rid,ridded

使摆脱;使去掉

ride

rode

ridden

骑;乘;控制;(骑马、自行车等)穿越;搭乘;飘浮

ring

rang

rung

按铃;包围;敲钟;套住

rise

rose

risen

使…飞起;使…浮上水面

rive

riven

riven,rived

猛地劈开[撕开];

run

ran

run

管理,经营;运行;参赛

saw

sawed

sawn,sawed

看见;明白,了解;锯;锯成;锯

say

said

said

讲;说明;例如;声称;假设;指明

see

saw

seen

. 看见;理解;领会

seek

sought

sought

寻求;寻找;探索;搜索

sell

sold

sold

销售;推销;出卖;欺骗

send

sent

sent

发送,寄;派遣;使进入;发射

set

set

set

树立;点燃;点缀;

sew

sewed

sewn,sewed

缝合,缝上;缝纫

shake

shook

shaken

动摇;摇动;震动;握手

shall

should

-

应;会;将;必须

shave

shaved

shaved,shaven

剃,削去;修剪;切成薄片;掠

shear

sheared

shorn,sheared

剪;修剪;剥夺

shed

shed

shed

流出;摆脱;散发;倾吐

shine

shone,shined

shone,shined

照射,擦亮;把…的光投向;(口)通过擦拭使…变得有光泽或光

shoe

shod,shoed

shod,shoed

给……穿上鞋;穿……鞋

shoot

shot

shot

射击,射中;拍摄;发芽;使爆炸;给…注射

show

showed

shown,showed

显示;说明;演出;展出

shred

shredded,shred

shredded,shred

切成条状;用碎纸机撕毁

shrink

shrank,shrunk

shrunk,shrunken

使缩小,使收缩

shrive

shrove,shrived

shriven,shrived

听忏悔后赦免

shut

shut

shut

关闭;停业;幽禁

sing

sang,sung

sung

唱;用诗赞颂;唱着使

sink

sank,sunk

sunk,sunken

使下沉;挖掘;使低落

sit

sat

sat

使就座

slay

slew

slain

杀害,杀死;使禁不住大笑

sleep

slept

slept

睡,睡觉

slide

slid

slid,slidden

滑动;使滑动;悄悄地迅速放置

sling

slung

slung

用投石器投掷;吊起

slink

slunk

slunk

早产;潜逃

slit

slit

slit

撕裂;使有狭缝

smell

smelt,smelled

smelt,smelled

嗅,闻;察觉到;发出…的气味

smite

smote

smitten,smote

打;重击;毁灭;侵袭;使神魂颠倒

sow

sowed

sown,sowed

播种;散布;使密布

speak

spoke

spoken

讲话;发言;讲演

speed

sped,speeded

sped,speeded

加快…的速度;使成功,使繁荣

spell

spelt,spelled

spelt,spelled

拼,拼写;意味着;招致;拼成;迷住;轮值

spend

spent

spent

度过,消磨(时光);花费;浪费;用尽

spill

spilt,spilled

spilt,spilled

使溢出,使流出;使摔下

spin

spun

spun

使旋转;纺纱;编造;结网

spit

spat,spit

spat,spit

吐,吐出;发出;发射

split

split

split

分离;使分离;劈开;离开;分解

spoil

spoilt,spoiled

spoilt,spoiled

溺爱;糟蹋;破坏;掠夺

spread

spread

spread

传播,散布;展开;伸展;铺开

spring

sprang,sprung

sprung

使跳起;使爆炸;突然提出;使弹开

stand

stood

stood

使站立;忍受;抵抗

stave

staved,stove

staved,stove

延缓;击穿;凿孔于;压扁

steal

stole

stolen

剽窃;偷偷地做;偷窃

stick

stuck

stuck

刺,戳;伸出;粘贴

sting

stung

stung

刺;驱使;使…苦恼;使…疼痛

stink

stank,stunk

stunk

使发出臭气;用臭味驱赶

strew

strewed

strewn,strewed

散播;撒满

stride

strode

stridden,strid

跨过;大踏步走过;跨坐在…

strike

struck

struck,stricken

打,击;罢工;撞击,冲击;侵袭;打动;到达

string

strung

strung

线,弦,细绳;一串,一行

strive

strove,strived

striven,strived

努力;奋斗;抗争

swear

swore

sworn

发誓;咒骂

sweat

sweat,sweated

sweat,sweated

使出汗;流出;使干苦活;剥削;藉出汗减轻;焦急地期待

sweep

swept

swept

扫除;猛拉;掸去

swell

swelled

swollen,swelled

使膨胀;使隆起

swim

swam

swum

游过;使浮起

swing

swung

swung

使旋转;挥舞;悬挂

take

took

taken

拿,取;采取;接受(礼物等);买,花费;耗费(时间等

teach

taught

taught

教;教授;教导

tear

tore

torn

撕掉, 扯下, 扰乱

tell

told

told

告诉,说;辨别;吩咐;断定

think

thought

thought

想;认为;想起;想像;打算

thrive

throve,thrived

thriven,thrived

繁荣,兴旺;茁壮成长

throw

threw

thrown

投;抛;掷

thrust

thrust

thrust

插;插入;推挤

tread

trod

trodden,trod

踏;踩;践踏;跳;踩出

unbend

unbent

unbent

弄直;使松弛;卸下

unbind

unbound

unbound

解开;解放

unbuild

unbuilt

unbuilt

拆毁;摧毁;消磁

underbid

underbid

underbidden,underbid

出价低于…;出较低的价钱

underbuy

underbought

underbought

购货不足,买得比定价便宜

undercut

undercut

undercut

廉价出售;较便宜的工资工作;从下边削球

underdo

underdid

underdone

不尽全力做;使煮得嫩

underfeed

underfed

underfed

未喂饱;不充分供料

undergo

underwent

undergone

经历,经受;忍受

underlay

underlaid

underlaid

垫起;从下面支撑

underlet

underlet

underlet

分租;转租;廉价出租

underlie

underlay

underlain

成为……的基础;位于……之下

underpay

underpaid

underpaid

少付…工资;付给…不足额的工资

underrun

underran

underrun

从下面通过;交互边拉边检查

undersell

undersold

undersold

以低于…的价格出售(undersell过去式和过去分词)

underset

underset

underset

放在…下面;支撑

undershoot

undershot

undershot

脱靶;未达到目标;飞机未抵达跑道即著陆

understand

understood

understood

理解;懂;获悉;推断;省略

undertake

undertook

undertaken

承担,保证;从事;同意;试图

underwrite

underwrote

underwritten

给...保险;承诺支付;签在...下

undo

undid

undone

取消;解开;破坏;扰乱

undraw

undrew

undrawn

拉开,扯开

unfreeze

unfroze

unfrozen

解冻;解除对…的控制;融化

ungird

ungirded,ungirt

ungirded,ungirt

松带;解带

unhang

unhung

unhung

从……取下悬挂物

unknit

unknitted,unknit

unknitted,unknit

解开;平整;拆开

unlade

unladed

unladed,unladen

卸下

unlay

unlaid

unlaid

拆开

unlearn

unlearnt,unlearned

unlearnt,unlearned

忘却;抛掉以前的想法;去掉…的弊习

unmake

unmade

unmade

使恢复原状;使消失;撤回;毁灭;改变

unreeve

unrove,unreeved

unrove,unreeved

从孔中拉回(绳索)将绳索退出(滑轮等

unsay

unsaid

unsaid

撤回,收回;取消

unset

unset

unset

使……移动;扰乱;[计] 复原

unsling

unslung

unslung

自吊索上放下;由悬挂处取下;取去吊索

unspeak

unspoke

unspoken

取消前言;撤回,取消

unstick

unstuck

unstuck

分开;扯开

unstring

unstrung

unstrung

解开;使衰弱;把弦解下

unswear

unswore

unsworn

毁弃誓言

unteach

untaught

untaught

使忘却;教相反的事物;证明…的虚伪

unthink

unthought

unthought

不想;置…于脑后

untread

untrod

untrodden,untrod

折回;退回

unweave

unwove

unwoven

解开;拆开

unwind

unwound

unwound

放松;解开;[计] 展开

upbuild

upbuilt

upbuilt

放松;解开;[计] 展开

upcast

upcast

upcast

向上投掷之物;上抛;排气竖坑

uphold

upheld

upheld

支撑;鼓励;赞成;举起

uppercut

uppercut

uppercut

用上钩拳击

uprise

uprose

uprisen

起义;上升;起床

upset

upset

upset

使心烦;颠覆;扰乱

upsweep

upswept

upswept

向上弯曲;活泼化;拢上去的头发

upswing

upswung

upswung

提高;回升;向上摆动

wake

waked,woke

waked,woken,woke

叫醒;激发

waylay

waylaid

waylaid

. 伏击;埋伏

wear

wore

worn

穿着;用旧;耗损;面露

weave

wove

woven

编织;编排;使迂回前进

wed

wedded,wed

wedded,wed

与...结婚;娶;嫁

weep

wept

wept

哭泣;流泪;悲叹;流出或渗出液体

weigh

weighed

weighed

权衡;考虑;称…重量

wet

wetted,wet

wetted,wet

弄湿

will

would

-

决心要;遗赠;用意志力使

win

won

won

赢得;在…中获胜;劝诱

wind

winded,wound

winded,wound

缠绕;上发条;使弯曲;吹号角;绕住或缠住某人

wit

wist

wist

智慧;才智;智力

withdraw

withdrew

withdrawn

撤退;收回;撤消;拉开

withhold

withheld

withheld

保留,不给;隐瞒;抑制

withstand

withstood

withstood

抵挡;禁得起;反抗

work

worked

worked

使工作;操作;经营;使缓慢前进

work

wrought

wrought

使工作;操作;经营;使缓慢前进

wring

wrung

wrung

拧;绞;紧握;使痛苦;折磨

write

wrote

written

写,书写;写信给;著述

 

 

⒈ A---A---A型(现在式、过去式、过去分词同形)

动词原形(现在式) 过去式 过去分词

cost cost cost 花费[ ]

cut cut cut 割,切[ ]

hit hit hit 打[ ]

let let let 让[ ]

put put put 放下[ ]

read read read 读[ ]

hurt hurt hurt 伤[ ]

⒉ A---A---B型(现在式和过去式同形)

beat beat beaten 打[ ] [ ] [ ]

⒊ A---B---A型(现在式和过去分词同形)

come came come 来[ ] [ ] [ ]

become became become 变[ ] [ ] [ ]

run ran run 跑[ ] [ ] [ ]

⒋ A ---B ---B型

⑴在动词原形后加一个辅音字母d或t构成过去式或过去分词。

burn burnt burnt 燃烧

learn learned/learnt learned/learnt 学习

mean meant meant 意思

hear heard heard 听见

⑵把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t”构成过去式或过去分词。

build built built 建筑

lend lent lent 借给

lose lost lost 失去

send sent sent 送

spend spent spent 花费

⑶其他

pay paid paid 付

lay laid laid 下蛋

say said said 说

bring brought brought 带来

buy bought bought 买

think thought thought 想catch caught caught 抓住

teach taught taught 教

fight fought fought 战斗

sleep slept slept 睡

keep kept kept 保持

sweep swept swept 扫

stand stood stood 站

understand understood understood 明白

win won won 得胜

shine shone/shined shone/shined 发光

feel felt felt 觉得

find found found 发现

get got got 得到

hang hanged/ hung hanged/ hung 绞死,挂

have had had 有

hold held held 盛,握

leave left left 离开

make made made 制造

meet met met 遇见

sell sold sold 卖

shoot shot shot 射击

tell told told 告诉

smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled 嗅,闻

sit sat sat 坐

dig dug dug 挖

⒌ A---B---C型(现在式、过去式和过去分词都不相同)

⑴在动词原形后加-n或-en构成过去分词。

eat ate eaten 吃

fall fell fallen 落下

steal stole stolen 偷

give gave given 给

freeze froze frozen 冻结

take took taken 拿

see saw seen 看见

write wrote written 写

ride rode ridden 骑

drive drove driven 驾驶

throw threw thrown 抛,扔

blow blew blown 吹

grow grew grown 生长

know knew known 知道

fly flew flown 飞

draw drew drawn 拉,绘画

show showed shown 展示

⑵过去式加-n或-en构成过去分词。

speak spoke spoken 说话

break broke broken 破碎,折断

wake waked/ woke waked/ waken 醒

choose chose chosen 选择

forget forgot forgotten 忘记

⑶变单词在重读音节中的元音字母“i”分别为“a”(过去式)和“u”(过去分词)。

begin began begun 开始

ring rang rung 按铃

sing sang sung 唱

sink sank sunk 沉

swim swam swum 游泳

drink drank drunk 饮

⑷其他不规则动词的变化。

be(am,is) was/ were been 是

be(are) were been 是

do did done 做

go went gone 去

lie lay lain 躺

wear wore worn 穿

不规则动词表

序号

不定式

过去式

过去分词

现在分词

第三人称

单数

注释

前缀

词根

1

bear

bore

borne,

born

bearing

bears

忍受,承担

 

bear

2

forbear

forbore

forborne

forbearing

forbears

克制,忍耐

for-

bear

3

overbear

overbore

overborne

overbearing

overbears

压服,征服

over-表示“在…之上,过度”

bear

4

bend

bent

bent

bending

bends

弯曲,弯腰

 

bend

5

unbend

unbent

unbent

unbending

unbends

变直,伸直

un-表示“不”

bend

6

bid

bade,

bid

bidden,

bid

bidding

bids

出价,恳求,邀请,力求,企图

 

bid

7

forbid

forbade,

forbad

forbidden

forbidding

forbids

禁止,阻碍

for-

bid

8

outbid

outbid

outbid

outbidding

outbids

出价高于(别人)

out-表示“超过”

bid

9

underbid

underbid

underbid,

underbidden

underbidding

underbids

出价较低

under-表示“在…之下,过低”

bid

10

bind

bound

bound

binding

binds

约束,捆绑

 

bind

11

rebind

rebound

rebound

rebinding

rebinds

重新捆绑

re-表示“重复”

bind

12

unbind

unbound

unbound

unbinding

unbinds

解开,解放

un-表示“不”

bind

13

build

built

built

building

builds

建造,建立

 

build

14

rebuild

rebuilt

rebuilt

rebuilding

rebuilds

重建,恢复

re-表示“重复”

build

15

cast

cast

cast

casting

casts

铸造,投掷,脱落

 

cast

16

broadcast

broadcast,

broadcasted

broadcast,

broadcasted

broadcasting

broadcasts

广播

broad-

cast

17

forecast

forecast,

forecasted

forecast,

forecasted

forecasting

forecasts

预报,预测

fore-表示“预先”

cast

18

miscast

miscast

miscast

miscasting

miscasts

指配不适当的角色

mis-表示“不,错误”

cast

19

overcast

overcast

overcast

overcasting

overcasts

使沮丧,包缝,遮蔽

over-表示“在…之上,过度”

cast

20

recast

recast

recast

recasting

recasts

再铸,重塑,改正

re-表示“重复”

cast

21

come

came

come

coming

comes

来,成为,变得

 

come

22

become

became

become

becoming

becomes

变为,适合,发生

be-表示“遍及、使成为”

come

23

overcome

overcame

overcome

overcoming

overcomes

战胜,克服

over-表示“在…之上,过度”

come

24

deal

dealt

dealt

dealing

deals

处理,分配

 

deal

25

misdeal

misdealt

misdealt

misdealing

misdeals

处理不当

mis-表示“不,错误”

deal

26

do

did

done

doing

does

做,干

 

do

27

outdo

outdid

outdone

outdoing

outdoes

胜过,优于

out-表示“超过”

do

28

overdo

overdid

overdone

overdoing

overdoes

做得过分,夸张

over-表示“在…之上,过度”

do

29

redo

redid

redone

redoing

redoes

重做

re-表示“重复”

do

30

undo

undid

undone

undoing

undoes

松开,撤销

un-表示“不”

do

31

draw

drew

drawn

drawing

draws

绘画,拉,吸引

 

draw

32

withdraw

withdrew

withdrawn

withdrawing

withdraws

撤退,退出

with-

draw

33

fall

fell

fallen

falling

falls

落下,下降

 

fall

34

befall

befell

befallen

befalling

befalls

发生,降临

be-表示“遍及、使成为”

fall

35

get

got

got;

(US) gotten

getting

gets

得到,到来,成为

 

get

36

beget

begot

begotten

begetting

begets

产生,引起

be-表示“遍及、使成为”

get

37

forget

forgot

forgotten

forgetting

forgets

忘记,忽略

for-

get

38

give

gave

given

giving

gives

给予,赠送

 

give

39

forgive

forgave

forgiven

forgiving

forgives

原谅,免除

for-

give

40

misgive

misgave

misgiven

misgiving

misgives

疑虑,担忧

mis-表示“不,错误”

give

 

学习不规则动词 (en - zh-cn)

学习不规则动词 (zh-cn - en)

 

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